The Contextual Framework for the Youth in Agriculture in relation to National Development Strategies
Presented by Judith Mutabazi -Senior Planning Officer, National Planning Authority (NPA).
The presentation focused on the Government of Uganda planning frameworks, youth programs and projects, and existing opportunities.
- Uganda’s growth is driven the by services and manufacturing (7%), and agriculture (1.6%) sectors. There is renewed focus on the agricultural sector in Vision 2040 and NDPII which identify agriculture as the priority sector to steer socio-economic transformation.
- Agriculture has a great multiplier effects which spill into other sectors – employment, raw materials, income and market for non-agricultural goods. In addition, agriculture sector holds potential for gainful employment and income for youth who are unemployed, under-employed, or seeking employment outside agriculture.
National planning frameworks
- The Comprehensive National Development Planning Framework (CNDPF) approved in 2007 guides the planning process in Uganda, and calls for iterative, participatory and inclusive planning. The CNDPF outlines the principles and guidelines to be followed in developing national and decentralized long and medium term plans in Uganda.
- Vision 2040 calls for “a transformed Ugandan society from a peasant to a modern and prosperous country within 30 years”. It recognizes that Uganda has a large youthful population which is poorly educated and skilled. Accordingly, youthful labour force offers great potential to drive envisaged growth and transformation. Vision 20140 aspires to skill youth with globally competitive skills to attract foreign direct investment.
- National Development Plan (NDPII) 2015/16 – 2019/2020 whose theme is “strengthening the country’s competitiveness for sustainable wealth creation, employment and inclusive growth”, strives to propel Uganda towards middle income status by 2020. The NDPII seeks to improve the capacity of youth to harness their potential and increase self-employment through production, productivity and competitiveness.
- The Agriculture Sector Strategic Plan 2015/16 – 2019/20 guides investments in the agricultural sector to achieve NDPII – aspiring towards a competitive, profitable and sustainable sector targeting an annual growth rate of 6% for 5 years. Regarding youth, Agricultural Sector Strategic plan strives to:
- Change the attitudes among rural youth to practice agriculture as a business and adopt improved practices and innovation;
- Train youth in agro-enterprise development;
- Target skilling youth in fabrication, operation and maintenance of agricultural machinery and tools; and
- Support youth in agro-processing and value addition.
- Uganda National youth policy, 2016 (15-30 years)
- National Employment Policy (NEP) 2011 considers employment of the youth in decent work.
- Youth Livelihood Program
- Youth Venture Capital Fund
- Promotion of “Green” Jobs and Fair Labour market in Uganda (PROGREL)
- Uganda Women Entrepreneurship Programme (UWEP)
- Skills for production, enterprise, development and wealth creation (SPEDA)
- Support to the implementation of skilling Uganda Strategy (BTVET).
Agricultural policies and laws
National Agricultural Policy Plant Varieties Act, Animal Breeding Act 2001, Agricultural Extension Policy 2016, Plant and Seed Act, 2006, National Fertilizer Policy 2016, Control of Agricultural Chemicals Act, 2006, NAADS Act 2001, NAR Act 2005.
Other youth-focused programs include Universal Primary Education, Universal Secondary Education, Students loans scheme, District quota system, Financing ICT innovations and Operation Wealth Creation.
Challenges in policy and program implementation
- Limited institutional coordination of implementing institutions;
- Low uptake of research;
- Limited partnership between the government, private sector and NGOS;
- Limited involvement of the different target groups (bottom-up approach);
- Lack of M&E reporting systems and data tracking – tracer surveys, National Labor Market information systems.
Opportunities in the policy and program environment
- Implementation of existing agricultural research;
- Strengthening agricultural institutions for effective coordination and service delivery;
- Capacity building programmes (skilling, business development – value addition, agro-processing, entrepreneurship);
- Access to agricultural finance with specific options for youth & women farmers;
- Existing support from private sector & development partners;
- Increased access to and sensitization on use of critical farm inputs.