Presented by Yafesi Ogwang Assistant Commissioner Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF).
The presentation focused on the role of Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries (MAAIF) in youth in agriculture for development.
Uganda has one of the youngest populations in the world with 78% of the population below the age of 30. About 23% of the population is between 18 and 30 years. 64% of the unemployed persons in Uganda are youth.
Acknowledging viable employment and income earning opportunities remains a critical challenge that youth face, there is potential for the agriculture sector through promotion of a culture of innovative entrepreneurship among Ugandan youth to increase employment. MAAIF aims at contributing towards changing the attitudes/mind-set among rural youth and communities to perceive agriculture as a viable business option. MAAIF developed a National Strategy for Youth Employment in Agriculture, with support from Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The priority intervention areas of the strategy are:
- Strengthen the enabling environment for youth employment,
- Improve youth education and learning,
- Support youth oriented agriculture extension,
- Promote and support youth agricultural entrepreneurs as an incentive for job creation and income generation;
- To enhance youth adaptation and resilience to climate related agribusiness risks and uncertainties.
Below are specific activities under each of the above priority intervention areas:
Objective 1: Strengthen the enabling environment for youth employment
- To Strengthen the policy and legal framework that address issues of Youth Development (ASSP, Youth Forum, Tax incentives);
- To enhance land access and control by the Youth (Land Fund, Sensitization on access and control);
- To Increase access to financing (Youth Fund, SACCOs, VSLAs);
- To increase access and use of ICT for youth agriculture;
- Support the youth to access agricultural machinery
Objective 2: Support towards Youth Oriented Agriculture Extension
- Review and adapt guidelines on integration of gender, youth and vulnerable groups into extension services;
- Promote youth involvement through capacity building and linkage to service providers. Identify and assess the unique youth technology and capacity needs.
Objective 3: Improve Youth education and learning
- Support Peer farming education system (Agric. Clubs);
- Support education institutions to organize Youth agricultural clubs and camps;
- Support National agricultural competitions for the youth to facilitate peer learning;
- Promote practical school farming systems, farmer field schools.
- To promote vocational training.
Objective 4: Support Youth enterprise and entrepreneurship
Promote and support youth agricultural entrepreneurs as an incentive for job creation and income generation
- Support the Profiling, showcasing and rewarding of successful youth entrepreneurs
Objective 5: Adaptation to and mitigation of agribusiness risks and uncertainties
To enhance youth’s adaptation and resilience to climate related agribusiness risks and uncertainties
- Support development and promote uptake of best practices, innovations and technologies relevant to addressing agribusiness risks and uncertainties, Smart Agriculture;
- To enhance occupational health and safety among the youth.
Key interventions of MAAIF:
- Capacity building for the youth including vocational training institutions, and incubation centers;
- Encourage usage of family land and sensitization of the family leaders and elders to allow youth access to land;
- Buying, hiring and putting public or redundant land to use;
- Linking Youth programmes to the financial institutions;
- Encouraging ICT in agriculture;
- Enhancing and strengthening the extension services.